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Thread: WBF Library: Human hearing system and acoustics

  1. #1
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    WBF Library: Human hearing system and acoustics

    This is a library thread on the best papers and presentations on the topic of what we hear and why.

    I will keep this first post updated with suggestions from everyone.

    General
    Nice paper from Bob Stuart on the topic of multi-channel sound and audibility of various signals: http://www.meridian-audio.com/w_paper/multips3.pdf
    Collection of papers from "JJ" (James Johnston -- ex-AT&T Bell Labs Fellow): http://www.aes.org/sections/pnw/ppt.htm
    Great article on ins and outs of our hearing system: http://www.santafevisions.com/csf/ht...hearing_II.htm
    Audible Frequencies of Music, Speech and Noise, W. B. Snow: http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/bstj/v...tj10-4-616.pdf

    Room Eq
    Harman test on a few room correction devices: http://seanolive.blogspot.com/2009/1...uation-of.html
    Good starting point on building a measurement system for room eq: http://www.mit.edu/~glettler/resume/...nal_public.pdf
    LISTENING ROOM - CORNER LOADED BASS TRAP: http://www.acousticsciences.com/arti...aes-1985-1.htm
    Wonderful introduction by Floyd Toole on basics of room setup/EQ: http://www.harmanaudio.com/all_about...cal_design.pdf

    Acoustics
    NRC measurement system: http://www.acousticsciences.com/Voices-of-NRC.pdf
    RPG on acoustics: http://www.rpginc.com/news/library.htm
    Online book on acoustics and psychoacoustics, plus lots of related lectures: http://www.santafevisions.com/csf/html/index.htm
    The measurement chapter from Davis and Patronis Sound System Engineering is online here: http://www.focalpress.com/uploadedFi...0240808307.pdf
    Master Handbook of Acoustics: well worth investment to buy the book
    BBC R&D: http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/index.shtml - here's an excellent book on acoustics: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/a...icpractice.pdf

    Fazenda et al., “Perception of low frequencies in small rooms", Proceedings of the European Acoustics Symposium, September 2004, Guimaraes, Portugal
    http://www.sea-acustica.es/Guimaraes04/ID45.pdf

    Goldberg, “Finding the audibility of the temporal decay rate of a low frequency room mode” (2005)
    http://www.acoustics.hut.fi/asf/publ...5/goldberg.pdf


    Linkwitz, "Room Reflections Misunderstood", Audio Eng. Soc. preprint 7162
    http://www.linkwitzlab.com/AES'07/AES123-final2.pdf


    Merimaa, “Analysis, synthesis and perception of spatial sound – binaural localization modelling and multichannel loudspeaker reproduction”, Dissertation Helsinki University of Technology, 2006
    http://lib.tkk.fi/Diss/2006/isbn9512...9512282917.pdf

    Rubak, “Coloration in room impulse response”, Joint Balti-Nordic Acoustics Meeting 2004, 8-10 June, Mariehamn, Åland
    http://www.acoustics.hut.fi/asf/bnam...papers/o23.pdf

    Spring et al., “The measurement of sound diffusion index in small rooms”, BBC RD 1969/16
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1969-16.pdf

    Taylor, “A preliminary study of the influence of room mode structure on sound absorption”, BBC RD 1983/4
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1983-04.pdf

    Taylor, “Room modes and sound measurement: some practical measurements compared with theoretical predictions”, BBC RD 1985/11
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1985-11.pdf

    Toole, “Loudspeakers and rooms for sound reproduction – a scientific review”, J. of the Audio Engineering Society 2006, p.451
    http://www.harman.com/EN-US/OurCompa...ions/13686.pdf

    Voetmann, “50 years of sound control room design”
    http://www.madebydelta.com/imported/...s/av126205.pdf

    Walker, “A preliminary investigation into the measurement of time and frequency response of listening rooms and control cubicles”, BBC RD 1979/9
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1979-09.pdf

    Walker, “Low-frequency room responses: Part 1 -- Background and qualitative considerations, “BBC RD 1992/8
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1992-08.pdf

    Walker, “Low-frequency room responses: Part 2 -- Calculation methods and experimental results”, BBC RD 1992/9
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1992-09.pdf

    Walker, “High frequency room responses: Acoustic design and the control of stereophonic image quality”, BBC RD 1994/11
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1994-11.pdf

    Walker, “CONTROLLED IMAGE DESIGN: The measurement of Time-Frequency responses”, BBC RD 1995/3
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1995-03.pdf

    Walker, “Controlled Image Design: The management of stereophonic image quality”, BBC RD 1995/4
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1995-04.pdf

    Walker, “Controlled Image Designs: Results from the first installations”, BBC RD 1995/5
    http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/1995-05.pdf

    How the Ear Works - Nature's Solutions for Listening:
    http://www.bcm.edu/oto/index.cfm?pmid=15095

    Standard passive models of the ear do not account for the phenomenal sensitivity and selectivity of human hearing. The most compelling hypothesis has been the Cochlear Amplifier. However, at this time, all the details of how this amplification can be achieved is still not known. A fairly exhaustive review paper as of 2001 on how the cochlea works is available here:
    http://cbt.beckman.uiuc.edu/papers_spring06/raven.pdf

    Prof David Kemp discovered Otoacoustic Emissions in 1977 - today, it is primarily used for early detection of hearing loss and most of the studies revolve around hearing loss because of the profitability of selling hearing aids. We are still learning about its complexity, and how it enhances the hearing ability - especially in the presence of masking noise.
    http://www.est-med.com/OAE/understan...von%20Kemp.pdf

    Hearing threshold for pure tones above 20 kHz: http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/ast/27/1/12/_pdf

    Temporal resolution of hearing probed by bandwidth restriction: http://www.physics.sc.edu/kunchur/temporal.pdf

    Perceptual Discrimination between Musical Sounds with and without Very High Frequency Components: http://www.nhk.or.jp/strl/publica/labnote/lab486.html

    Good but short reference on hearing research above 20 Khz: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypersonic_effect

    Live End Dead End studio control room design described by the inventor, in a very accessible writing style.
    Don Davis: the LEDE concept, Audio 1987: http://jgbouska.tripod.com/audio/d_d...io_1987_p1.pdf

    Psychoacoustics, Neuro-audiology, and Evolutionary Psychology:
    I know that they have been recommended elsewhere, but these two books are essential reading to understanding our obsessions.
    Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain - Oliver Sacks
    http://www.amazon.com/Musicophilia-T...ref=pd_sim_b_4
    This is Your Brain on Music: The Science of a Human Obsession - Daniel J. Levitin
    http://www.amazon.com/This-Your-Brai...ref=pd_sim_b_4
    Sound Reproduction: The Acoustics and Psychoacoustics of Loudspeakers and Rooms By Floyd Toole. Focal Press, 2008.
    Detection Threshold for tones above 22 kHz by Kaoru, A. and Shogo, K. AES Convention Paper 5401, 2001.

    Imaging (spatial localization) and Soundstage (auditory scene analysis) -
    http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~robust/Papers...ownChapter.pdf

    PRaT (perception of rhythm) and Foot tapping (beat induction) -
    Rhythm and Beat Perception in Motor Areas of the brain: http://www.brainmusic.org/Educationa...rhythm2007.pdf

    Contribution of Anthropometric Factors to Individual Differences in Perception of Rhythm: https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/...-Todd-etal.pdf

    Litovsky et al., “The precedence effect”, J. of Acoust. Soc. of America, vol. 106, 1999, p.1633
    http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/~litovsky/papers/1999-3.pdf

    Salomons, “Coloration and binaural decoloration of sound due to reflections”, Thesis, Delft University 1995
    http://repository.tudelft.nl/assets/...s_19951220.PDF


    Ultrasonic hearing and Hypersonic effect

    Ashihara et al., “Detection threshold for tones about 22 kHz”, 110th AES convention 2001, preprint no. 5401

    Ashihara “Hearing thresholds for pure tones above 16 kHz”, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 2007, Volume 122, Issue 3, pp. EL52-EL57

    D. Griesinger, “Perception of mid frequency and high frequency intermodulation distortion in loudspeakers and its relationship to high-definition audio”, 24th International AES Conference 2003, Banff, Canada
    www.davidgriesinger.com/intermod.ppt

    Hamasaki et al., “Perceptual Discrimination of Very High Frequency Components in Musical Sound Recorded with a Newly Developed Wide Frequency Range Microphone”, 117th AES convention 2004, preprint no. 6298

    Hosoi et al., “Activation of the auditory cortex by ultrasound”, The Lancet, vol. 351, Febr. 14, 1998, p.496

    Ishiuchi et al., “Difference tone produced by two ultrasonic components”, Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Biotelemetry, Sep 1990, Yokohama, Japan

    Lenhardt, “Ultrasonic hearing in humans: applications for tinnitus treatment”, Int. Tinnitus J., vol.9, no.2, pp.69-75 (2003)

    Lenhardt, “Eyes as fenestrations to the ears: a novel mechanism for high-frequency and ultrasound hearing”, Int. Tinnitus J., vol.13, no.1, pp.3-10 (2007)

    Nakamura et al., “Analysis of music-brain interaction with simultaneous measurement of regional cerebral blood flow and electroencephalogram beta rhythm in human subjects”, Neuroscience Letters 275 (1999), p.222-226

    Nishiguchi et al., “Perceptual discrimination between music sounds with and without very high frequency components”, 115th AES convention 2003, preprint no. 5876

    Nishiguchi et al., „Perceptual discrimination of very high frequency components in wide frequency range musical sound“, Applied Acoustics 2009, vol. 70, p.921

    Nishimura et al., “Ultrasonic masker clarifies ultrasonic perception in man”, Hearing Research 2003, Volume 175, pp.171-177

    Omata et al., “A psychoacoustic measurement and ABR for the sound signals in the frequency range between 10 kHz and 24 kHz”, 125th Audio Engineering Society convention 2008, preprint no. 7566

    Oohashi et al., “High frequency sound above the audible range affects brain electric activity and sound perception”, 91st AES convention 1991, preprint no. 3207

    Oohashi et al., “Inaudible high-frequency sounds affect brain activity: hypersonic effect”, Journal of Neurophysiology 83 (2000), p. 3548-3558
    http://www.linearaudio.nl/Documents/...on%20brain.pdf

    Oohashi et al., “Multidisciplinary study on the hypersonic effect”, International Congress Series 1226 (2002), pp.27-42

    Oohashi et al., “The role of biological systems other than auditory air-conduction in the emergence of the hypersonic effect”, Brain Research 1073-1074 (2006), p. 339-347

    Sugimoto et al, “Human perception model for ultrasonic difference tones”, Proceedings of the 24th IASTED International Conference, Feb 16-18, 2005, Innsbruck, Austria

    Yagi et al., “Auditory display for deep brain activation: hypersonic effect”,
    Proceedings of the 2002 International Conference on Auditory Display, Kyoto, Japan, July 2-5, 2002
    http://www.icad.org/websiteV2.0/Conf...gs/Oohashi.pdf

    Yagi et al., “Modulatory effect of inaudible high-frequency sounds on human acoustic perception”, Neuroscience Letters 351 (2003), p.191-195


    Yagi et al., “Modulatory effect of inaudible high-frequency sounds on human acoustic perception”, Neuroscience Letters 351 (2003), p.191-195

    Double Blind Tests

    "Audibility of a CD-Standard A/D/A Loop Inserted
    into High-Resolution Audio Playback" http://drewdaniels.com/audible.pdf

    "DVD-Audio versus SACD Perceptual Discrimination of Digital Audio Coding Formats Listening Comparison Test between DSD and High Resolution PCM (24-bit / 176.4 kHz)"
    http://old.hfm-detmold.de/eti/projek...paper_6086.pdf

    Other
    http://www.falstad.com/mathphysics.html - java applets visualizing just about anything
    Differencing tool/paper: Detecting Changes in Audio Signals by Digital Differencion
    http://www.libinst.com/AES%20Audio%2...ng%20Paper.pdf
    Note: the app crashes on my Windows 7 PC and never finishes no matter what I try to compare.

    Perceptual issues: http://www.nousaine.com/pdfs/Can%20Y...our%20Ears.pdf

    Great place to get various test tones: http://www.audiocheck.net/

    Room noise level
    Nice description of so called "NC rating" of rooms and how that translates into SPL at different frequencies: http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/nc...ion-d_725.html

  2. #2
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    You have to include all the presentations by JJ.



    Powerpoint presentations
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    Even a blind squirrel gets a nut once in a while!

  3. #3
    RPG on acoustics: http://www.rpginc.com/news/library.htm

    Online book on acoustics and psychoacoustics, plus lots of related lectures: http://www.santafevisions.com/csf/html/index.htm

    The measurement chapter from Davis and Patronis Sound System Engineering is online here: http://www.focalpress.com/uploadedFi...0240808307.pdf


    Edit: How could I forget? BBC R&D is a treasure.. http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/reports/index.shtml - here's an excellent book on acoustics: http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/a...icpractice.pdf

    And this one is not directly related, but it's utterly amazing in scope and depth: http://www.falstad.com/mathphysics.html - java applets visualizing just about anything!
    Last edited by Nordenstam; 12-06-2010 at 11:04 AM. Reason: found a link in another thread, deleted the one here

  4. #4
    Very useful but what would be even more useful is a compiled list so that one did not have to scroll through the random topics in this thread to find something.

    Kal

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    Thanks Bruce and Nordenstam.

    Kal, I am maintaining the head thread as the achieve of all the suggestions. Time permitting, I will work on refining the short description and heading they should go into.

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    WBF Technical Expert (Speakers & Audio Equipment)/Member Sponsor [Technical Expert] garylkoh's Avatar
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    Amir, I don't know if the ear and brain constitutes technology - but your topic says human hearing system, and in order to understand acoustics completely, we need to know how we hear, and how we perceive sound. So, here's my contribution.

    The structure of the ear - Promenade 'Round the Cochlea:
    http://www.cochlea.org/

    How the Ear Works - Nature's Solutions for Listening:
    http://www.bcm.edu/oto/index.cfm?pmid=15095

    Standard passive models of the ear do not account for the phenomenal sensitivity and selectivity of human hearing. The most compelling hypothesis has been the Cochlear Amplifier. However, at this time, all the details of how this amplification can be achieved is still not known. A fairly exhaustive review paper as of 2001 on how the cochlea works is available here:
    http://cbt.beckman.uiuc.edu/papers_spring06/raven.pdf

    Prof David Kemp discovered Otoacoustic Emissions in 1977 - today, it is primarily used for early detection of hearing loss and most of the studies revolve around hearing loss because of the profitability of selling hearing aids. We are still learning about its complexity, and how it enhances the hearing ability - especially in the presence of masking noise.
    http://www.est-med.com/OAE/understan...von%20Kemp.pdf

    Psychoacoustics, Neuro-audiology, and Evolutionary Psychology:
    I know that they have been recommended elsewhere, but these two books are essential reading to understanding our obsessions.
    Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain - Oliver Sacks
    http://www.amazon.com/Musicophilia-T...ref=pd_sim_b_4
    This is Your Brain on Music: The Science of a Human Obsession - Daniel J. Levitin
    http://www.amazon.com/This-Your-Brai...ref=pd_sim_b_4

    What we audiophiles "know" but research is still ongoing in scientific circles:

    Imaging (spatial localization) and Soundstage (auditory scene analysis) -
    http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~robust/Papers...ownChapter.pdf

    PRaT (perception of rhythm) and Foot tapping (beat induction) -
    Rhythm and Beat Perception in Motor Areas of the brain: http://www.brainmusic.org/Educationa...rhythm2007.pdf

    Contribution of Anthropometric Factors to Individual Differences in Perception of Rhythm: https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/...-Todd-etal.pdf
    __________________________
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    Genesis Advanced Technologies

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    Site Founder And Administrator Steve Williams's Avatar
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    Nice additions Gary
    Steve Williams
    aka oneobgyn
    There's ALWAYS another Steve Williams BUT there's only "oneobgyn"
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    Indeed. Just cut and paste them into main post.

  9. #9
    Cannot cut/paste into the first post but I'd like to add:
    Sound Reproduction: The Acoustics and Psychoacoustics of Loudspeakers and Rooms By Floyd Toole. Focal Press, 2008.
    Detection Threshold for tones above 22 kHz by Kaoru, A. and Shogo, K. AES Convention Paper 5401, 2001.

  10. #10
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    Thanks Kal. I added them in.

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